Volleyball is an Olympic sport wherein athletes perform multiple technically complex movements. In offensive play, a spike is the most effective attack play associated with success in matches. 1 Players attempt to reach a great jump height when spiking (1) to increase possibilities for various different types of actions and (2) to maximise the effective court size, allowing for a steep ball trajectory at great ball velocity.
Spiking a volleyball can involve a two step, three step, or four step approach. It is the coordinated effort of footwork, arm swing, and explosiveness. How...
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Analyzing the movement of spiking a volleyball. This presentation breaks down the movement into four phases and then explores the areas of Kinesiology by showing what all is invloved in a spike: muscles, joints, planes, levers and more.
A volleyball spike or attack is the strategy used to send the ball over the net to the opponent in such a manner that ball is not returnable. The spike is performed by moving the arm in a way such that you angle the ball to land on the ground of your opponent's side of the court. Usually a spike is hit with great force at a downward angle.
Three types of overhead attacks were performed: a cross-body/diagonal spike (with follow-through of the hitting arm across the athlete’s midline), a straight-ahead spike (with follow-through of the hitting arm along the athlete’s ipsilateral side), and an off-speed, cross-body roll shot.
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Fifteen elite female volleyball players performed spike jumps by striking a stationary ball at maximal jump height. Data were collected via twelve MX13 Vicon cameras (250 Hz), two AMTI force plates (2000 Hz), and controlled via Visual3D software.
Spiking a volleyball consists of taking an approach to get in position to spike. The steps for right handed players are left-right-left. Often you will need to take more than 3 steps. The key is to always have your last two steps be right foot, then left foot. Always plant and jump up off two feet.
Each of these components is comprised of intricate, small movements, the summation of which are coordinated acts of striking the volleyball in a desired fashion’ (The Science of Volleyball, n.d.). The volleyball spike entails 7 different phases; the preparation phase or the run-in (generating controllable speed); landing (impact absorption); impulse drive (horizontal to vertical momentum transfer); airborne phase of preparation (as ballistic); hitting phase (as ballistic); airborne phase ...